Police in Fresno are saying the shooting there that claimed three lives was a hate crime, with no links to terror, but a terrorism expert says the link is there.
Despite the fact that Kori Ali Muhammed shouted "Allahu Akbar!" as he was arrested, the city's police chief stated that the shooter is not a terrorist.
"But he is a racist," the chief said, "and he's filled with hate."
Authorities are calling it a hate crime but the reality is a little more complicated.
Muhammed was a Muslim who hadn't been to a mosque in 20 years and had no known tied to ISIS or any other Middle Eastern terror organization.
His personal Facebook posts used a lot of the language common to the Nation of Islam, the black supremacist group in the U.S. headed by Louis Farrakhan. But he had items associated with Voodoo in his pockets and said he is an adherent to that Caribbean religion.
So what does one surmise from all of that?
Dr. Zuhdi Jasser of the American Islamic Forum for Democracy says we live in a complicated world that allows an intersection of radical Islamic beliefs and race-based hate groups.
"You have an individual who was radicalized, not by ISIS or by a radical Islamic group from the Middle East, but rather by the Nation of Islam, a racist group led by Louis Farrakhan," says Jasser.
There are some common threads, though, he adds, because there is overlap between the black identity movement and radical Islam. The link helps answer one of the most confusing political questions of our day – at least one asked by conservatives.
"The reason the Left has been sort of in bed with the Islamists is the Left loves to appeal to minority groups, which also is part of identity movements," he says.